1865-1875, 19th century
Wood; metal: iron; glass; fibre: velvet; Carved
55 x 27 cm
Purchase from Mr. John L. Russell
© McCord Museum
Keywords: Model (422)
En 1870 ce modèle de corbillard était en vigueur au Québec.Dans les année 1680 le transport des morts était interdit par une certaine coutume,mais à cause des chemins de terre de la campagne,quelques paroisses ont adoptées les corbillards.
The McCord Museum is not responsible for the accuracy, reliability or currentness of the information contained in the Visitors' Comments section. The contents are displayed in the language in which the comments were created, regardless of the linguistic interface chosen by the viewer. The Museum reserves the right at its sole, absolute and unrestricted discretion, to delete a comment that is judged abusive.
Keys to History
This scale model of the type of hearse used in Quebec around 1870 belonged to an undertaker who used it to present his various models
In Quebec, a tradition established in 1684 forbade the transportation of the dead in coaches. Out of respect for the deceased, men carried the coffins from the home - where the body had usually lain in state - to the church. Widely observed in the city, this tradition nevertheless caused problems in the country, where the often long roads sometimes had a few steep hills.
To remedy these problems, many parishes acquired, beginning in 1850, hearses that they made available to families. Many trades were involved in making hearses: the vehicle was built by wheelwrights or carriage makers, and sculptors carved the ornamentation.
Hearses made from 1880 to 1900 were decorated with remarkable wooden sculptures depicting angels, crosses and other religious symbols.
In Quebec, the first hearses were used to alleviate the problems caused by the very long funeral processions in rural areas.
There were very few hearses in Quebec before 1850 because a regulation from 1684 stipulated that coffins had to be carried by hand.
The coffins were decorated with different colours according to the age of the deceased. Hearses for adults were black, and those for children were white.