A Changing World: Education in New Brunswick
Convent students, Bouctouche, N.B.
About 1900, 19th century or 20th century
12 x 17 cm
This artefact belongs to: © Centre d'études acadiennes
Keys to History
When the Common Schools Act, the bill regarding non-denominational schools, was promulgated by New Brunswick's legislative assembly in 1871, the government was quite unprepared for the storm of protest that arose from both English-speaking and French-speaking Catholics. This law, generally known as the King Act (George Edwin King, who had introduced the bill, was premier by the time it passed), prohibited the teaching of religion and the wearing of the religious habit in schools, and obliged teachers in religious orders to obtain certification from the province. The King Act also threatened French teaching in schools and so affronted Acadian nationalists. The vehement opposition to the law led to a boycott of state schools and the creation of private schools, some of which even refused to pay the school tax.
Here we see the characteristic « habit » worn by the teaching nuns of the Sisters of Charity of the Immaculate Conception.
The photograph shows a typical early-20th-century schoolroom.
The convent at Bouctouche was founded in 1880. The Sisters of Charity of the Immaculate Conception ran it from 1880 to 1924.
The convent at Bouctouche, New Brunswick, was established by the Sisters of Charity of the Immaculate Conception.