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MP-0000.25.178
© McCord Museum
Photograph, glass lantern slide
Normal School, Toronto, ON, about 1890
James Ricalton
About 1890, 19th century
Silver salts and transparent ink on glass - Gelatin dry plate process
8 x 10 cm
Gift of Mr. Stanley G. Triggs
MP-0000.25.178
© McCord Museum

Keys to History:

Teachers have come a long way in the last 200 years! Before the 19th century, only a handful of schoolteachers were responsible for a school in Montreal or Quebec City. Starting in the 1800s, the first school laws were passed and "public schooling" was an increasingly popular expression. In both the countryside and the cities, schoolmasters and schoolmistresses were in demand. The need was so urgent that the quality of the candidates was not always up to scratch. For this reason, the first normal colleges were established to train future teachers. The Toronto Normal School was set up in 1847. In Montreal, Jacques-Cartier Normal School, for Francophones, and McGill Normal School, for Anglophones, were set up in 1857. In the same year, Laval Normal School opened its doors in Quebec City.

Source : Big Cities, New Horizons [Web tour], by Robert Gagnon, Université du Québec à Montréal (see Links)

What:

Tinted lantern slide by James Ricalton showing the building housing the Toronto Normal School.

Where:

The Toronto Normal School is located in the city of Toronto.

When:

The Toronto Normal School was established in 1847, but the building shown here was inaugurated in 1852.

Who:

The building's architect was Mr. Cumberland. The Toronto Normal School was founded with the purpose of training teachers who would be the architects of schooling the population of Canada East.

© Musée McCord Museum