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© McCord Museum
Photograph, glass lantern slide
Carriage used by Lord Elgin (when he was stoned by protesters) on display at the Chateau de Ramezay, Montreal, QC, about 1930
Anonyme - Anonymous
About 1930, 20th century
Silver salts on glass - Gelatin dry plate process
8 x 10 cm
Gift of Mr. Stanley G. Triggs
© McCord Museum

Keys to History:

On April 25, 1849, Lord Elgin, Governor General of Canada, hastily got into his car, shown here. He braved the wrath of demonstrators who opposed the law that had just been sanctioned. The rioters threw stones and rotten eggs at the car.

The purpose of this law, which provoked so many violent demonstrations, was to compensate the Lower Canadians who had suffered losses during the 1837 Rebellion. However, the law was far from gaining unanimous support from the Conservative opposition party - also known as the Tories - of the day. So a large number of protestors gathered to demonstrate at the Parliament, then in Montreal, and attacked Lord Elgin.


The governor general's official car was one of the state vehicles of the era, which were usually very sumptuous and often bore their owner's coat of arms. The quality of a car's gear therefore reflected a certain social image.


Following the incidents to which he fell victim, Lord Elgin returned by car to his home in the country, Monklands, today the main building of Villa-Maria College.


Vehicles drawn by horses would be the pride of their owners in 18th century Quebec until the beginning of the 1950s.


A coachman seated in the front, drove this kind of vehicle.

© Musée McCord Museum