© McCord Museum
Women's ward, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal, QC, about 1894
Wm. Notman & Son
1930-1950, 20th century
Silver salts on film (safety) - Gelatin silver process
20 x 25 cm
Purchase from Associated Screen News Ltd.
© McCord Museum
Keys to History:
Industrialisation and urbanisation provoked many abrupt changes. In the health field, the increased demand for health care led to the creation of the first major hospital network in Canada. The setting up of these institutions soon led to the training of a specialized labour force. A new profession emerged: nursing. In Quebec at the end of the 19th century, English Protestant hospitals became a privileged place where young lay women, who had decided to devote themselves to the care of the sick, could practise their profession. In fact, the first nursing schools were created in these hospitals. It is not surprising that Anglophone nurses were the first to demand professional autonomy. In French Canada, the hospitaller nuns reigned over the hospitals that offered services to the province's Catholic population. Patients received care for both the body and the soul.
Photograph of the William Notman and Sons studio showing a wing of a pavilion of the Royal Victoria Hospital.
A wing of the Royal Victoria Hospital, founded in Montreal in 1887 and located on the south side of Mont Royal.
This photograph was taken around1894 at a time when the Royal Victoria Hospital, inaugurated seven years earlier, was one of the most modern institutions.
This photo shows nurses at the bedside of the sick and convalescent.