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This artefact belongs to: © New Brunswick Museum
About 1861, 19th century
This artefact belongs to: © New Brunswick Museum

Keys to History:

In the early 1860s, following the eruption of diplomatic tensions between the United States and Britain over the Trent Affair, Britain shored up its inadequate defences in North America. New Brunswick and the other colonies in Canada were protected mainly by volunteer militias, so thousands of British troops were sent here for security against the American armies, battled-hardened from their country's civil conflict. The possibility of invasion was very real. After the crisis abated, the British military officers remained in Canada to make recommendations for the improvement of its defences.

Captain Robert Coupe wore this officer's full dress tunic during the 15th Regiment of Foot (East Yorkshire Regiment) service in New Brunswick, 1861-70.


This tunic was worn with a white-glazed leather belt with the regimental badge on the buckle.


The 15th Regiment of Foot was formed in 1685 and over the years participated in the 1759 Battle of the Plains of Abraham, the American Revolution and the Boer War in South Africa.


This pattern of tunic was introduced in the British army dress uniform after the Crimean War, 1854-56.


Captain Robert Coupe, later a major, died at Basingstoke, England, December 23, 1888.

© Musée McCord Museum