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This artefact belongs to: © Centre d'études acadiennes
Philias F. Bourgeois
1901, 20th century
20.2 x 16.6 x 0.2 cm
Gift of M. Philias F. Bourgeois
This artefact belongs to: © Centre d'études acadiennes

Keys to History:

In the early-20th century there was great need for schoolbooks in French among the Acadian population of New Brunswick, and solutions were sought to the problem of lack of funds. Aware of the lack of Acadian teaching materials, Philias-F. Bourgeois (1855-1913) wrote a history of Canada in French to be used in Acadian schools. It was at this time that truly Acadian schoolbooks began to appear. Philias-F. Bourgeois, a proud patriot from Pré-d'en-Haut, New Brunswick, was no stranger to writing; it was an occupation to which he devoted much of his life. He also wrote articles for the newspapers Le Moniteur Acadien and L'Évangéline.


This hand-written version of the Histoire du Canada was the rough copy for the first schoolbook written in French in New Brunswick.


Philias-F. Bourgeois was born in the Memramcook Valley, New Brunswick, in 1855 and died there in 1913.


The Histoire du Canada was first published in 1903.


In addition to teaching primary school, Philias-F. Bourgeois was also a Catholic priest, a historian and a journalist.

© Musée McCord Museum