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Arctic Exploration in the 19th and 20th Centuries

This selection of approximately 225 images bears witness to the travels of several Arctic explorers. John Franklin, Captain George Back, Sir John Ross and David Walker are among those who set out in the 19th century to find the passageway to the Orient, the famous Northwest Passage. In the 20th century, Hugh A. Peck and George E. Mack also visited the Great North, photographing scenes and landscapes everywhere they went.

Profile:

  • Engravings, watercolours, archival documents and painted magic lantern slides related to the explorations of John Franklin, personal diary, portrait of George Back, certificate presented by David Walker;
  • Photographs of landscapes, ships, people, animals, trading posts, hunting scenes, notably at Ungava Bay, Hudson Strait, Labrador, Baffin Island and Fort Churchill, by Hugh A. Peck;
  • Photographs of landscapes, ships, people, animals, trading posts, the daily lives of the Inuit, hunting of bears, whales, seals, walruses and caribou, notably at Hudson Bay, Blackhead Island, Baffin Island and Chesterfield Inlet, by George E. Mack;
  • Items made by the Inuit such as tools, clothing, personal accessories, miniature models.

 

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Aurora borealis observation journal of Sir George Back (M2634)

Diary
Aurora borealis observation journal of Sir George Back
Sir George Back
1833-1835, 19th century
M2634

Dog team pulling loaded sled, Churchill River, MB, 1909 (M2000.113.6.134)

Photograph
Dog team pulling loaded sled, Churchill River, MB, 1909
Hugh A. Peck
23 May 1909, 20th century
M2000.113.6.134

Group of Inuit children, about 1925 (MP-0000.598.67)

Photograph
Group of Inuit children, about 1925
Captain George E. Mack
About 1922-1927, 20th century
MP-0000.598.67