HIS3813- Cole- North West Mounted Police
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) hold a special place in the hearts of Canadians. Aside from the flag the Mountie, as RCMP officers are colloquially known, is the most recognized symbol of Canada. (Cruise & Griffiths,ix) Canada's national police force reflects the unique character of the country. Since the merger with the Dominion Police in 1920 the force has had national jurisdiction, with the exception of municipalities and in Ontario and Quebec which have provincial forces. (Sage, 346) The forerunner to the RCMP, the North West Mounted Police (NWMP) were created in 1873 following the acquisition of Rupert's Land from the Hudson's Bay Company. Then Prime Minister John A Macdonald knew that to protect the new territory from American dreams of 'Manifest Destiny' and to ensure law and order was established to attract settlers from central Canada a special force would be required. The NWMP were created to fulfill this very important role.