Simmins--Paul Peel

Next 5Conclusion
Introduction 08439 08435 08437 08434 08431 08432 08426 II-92632
 

Introduction

Please note: the following information was not written by me, but by the curator(s) at the London Museum. See: http://www.londonmuseum.on.ca/Historical/First_Ren/ppeel.html

Another useful overview of his life and career may be found at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Peel



Paul Peel (1860-1892)was born in London, Ontario and died in Paris, France. His early art training was provided in London by his father, John Robert Peel, and William Lees Judson then at the Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia under Thomas Eakins. He later moved to Paris, France where he received art instruction at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under Jean-Paul Gerome and at the Acadmie Julien under Benjamin Constant, Henri Doucet and Jules Lefebvre. He then traveled widely in Canada and Europe exhibiting as a member of the Ontario Society of Artists and the Royal Canadian Academy. He also exhibited at international shows like the Paris Salon. Peel's work was very popular in both his lifetime and today. It is executed mainly in oil and employs genre, landscape, marine and portrait subjects. His conservative style reflected the official one then taught in the French government academies, but at the time of his death, Peel appeared to be changing his style toward impressionism.

Chronology

1860 Paul Peel born at London, Ontario, son of John Robert Peel (1830-1904) and Amelia Margaret Hall Peel (1833-1890) on November 7th.

1870 Received drawing instruction from his father until 1874 and frequents the family firm, London Marble Works, and Frank Cooper's Photography Studio

1874 Studied art with William Lees Judson (1842-1928) until 1877.

1876 Exhibited at the London Western Fair in September as an amateur and won two first prizes.

1877 Exhibited at Hood's Art Gallery in April showing five paintings including A Canadian Winter Scene. Traveled and sketched on the Thames River with Judson in July. Departed in October to study in Philadelphia at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art under Christian Schussele (1824-1879).

1878 Continued studies at the Academy under Thomas Eakins (1844-1916) and later in year appointed Assistant Demonstrator of Anatomy. Sent work to the first Art Loan exhibition at the new Mechanics Institute at London, Ontario.

1879 Exhibited original wax model at 50th Annual Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts exhibition.

1880 Finished at Pennsylvania Academy of Art in Spring. Exhibited at 51st Annual Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts exhibition. Displayed work at Chester's Art Gallery in London including Toll If You Please. Elected to membership in the Ontario Society of Artists. Showed at Western Fair in the professional category. Departed for Europe in October, spent several months in London, England and audited art classes at the Royal Academy.

1881 Joined American artists colony at Pont Aven, France. Sent canvases home for the Royal Canadian Academy and four are chosen. Exhibited at the Toronto Industrial Exhibition.

1882 Entered the École Nationale des Beaux-arts in Paris, France and studied under Jean-Léon Gérôme (1824-1904). Exhibited for the first time at the Ontario Society of Artists and the Provincial Exhibition at Kingston, Ontario. Continued to show at the Western Fair and the Toronto Industrial Exhibition. Summered at Pont Aven, Brittany.

1883 Exhibited at the Art Association of Montréal Spring Salon and the Royal Canadian Academy-Ontario Society of Artists shows. Painted in Pont Aven in the Spring. First exhibited at the Paris Salon. Returned to Canada for the Summer and Fall. Continued to exhibit at the Western Fair and the Toronto Industrial Exhibition. Left Canada to return to France in December.

1884 Lived in Paris with his sister, Mildred Peel. Exhibited Covent Garden Market, London at the Royal Canadian Academy and the Ontario Society of Artists. Summered in Brittany with sister where he meets future wife, Isaure Verdier at Pont Aven. Showed at the Western Fair and the Toronto Industrial Exhibition.

1885 Exhibited at Art Association of Montréal, combined Royal Canadian Academy-Ontario Society of Artists and the Western Fair. Summered in Brittany with sister and fiancée, Isaure. Spent fall vacation at Étaples, Normandy with fiancée and leaves for London, England.

1886 Married Isaure Verdier at Willesden, a suburb of London, England on January 16th. Visited Copenhagen, Denmark in the Spring. Exhibited at the Royal Canadian Academy and the Danish Royal Academy. Visited in August by father, John Robert Peel, in Paris. First child, Robert André, born on October 22nd.

1887 Exhibited at Paris Salon. Traveled to Normandy. Studied at the studio of Benjamin Constant (1845-1902). In November, vacation at Étaples, Normandy with family.

1888 Exhibited at the Paris Salon, Art Association of Montréal and the Royal Canadian Academy. George Agnew Reid and his wife, Mary Heister Reid arrived at Paris and joined with Peel at Constant's atelier. Later they moved with Constant to the Academie Julian. Traveled on a possible summer trip to Denmark. Second child, Emilie Marguerite, born on November 15th.

1889 Exhibited at the Art Association of Montréal, Royal Canadian Academy, Ontario Society of Artists and the Toronto Industrial Exhibition. The Modest Model won honourable mention at the Paris Salon. Summered at Pont Aven, Brittany and met fellow Canadian painter, William E. Atkinson (1862-1926). Studied with Jules Lefebvre (1836-1922) and Henri Lucien Doucet (1856-1895) while continuing with Contant at the Academie Julian.

1890 Spent April in Brittany. Elected full member of the Royal Canadian Academy. After the Bath won third class medal at Paris Salon. Because of his mother's illness departed for Canada in July. Visited and painted during the Summer at Toronto, Niagara Falls and Québec City. Attended the Canadian Chautauqua (a touring Mechanics Institute program) at Niagara-on-the-Lake. Exhibited works at Tecumseh House at London, Ontario in September. Joined with family at funeral of mother on October 6th. Organized and sold 57 paintings by auction at Oliver, Coate & Company, Toronto. In November, left for France with father, sister and Florence Carlyle (1864-1923).

1891 In February, the Hungarian Government acquired After the Bath. Exhibited at Paris Salon, the Ontario Society of Artists and the Toronto Industrial Exhibition. Spent Summer in Denmark and possibly visited Spain and Italy. Returned to Paris in late October.

1892 Exhibited at the Paris Salon and the Toronto Industrial Exhibition. Summered with family in Denmark. Became ill in late September and died on October 3rd at his Paris home.

For additional information on this artist, a suggested reading source is: Victoria Baker, Paul Peel: A Retrospective 1860-1892, London, Ontario, London Regional Art Gallery, 1986, a 175 page retrospective catalogue.