m996.10.193 | Saddam Hussein's Chemical Weapon

Drawing, cartoon
Saddam Hussein's Chemical Weapon
Serge Chapleau
1990, 20th century
Watercolour and graphite on paper
44.7 x 37 cm
Gift of M. Serge Chapleau
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  America (137) , Caricature (221) , Caricature (294) , Drawing (18637) , drawing (18379) , Economy (211) , Gulf War (2) , International (540) , International conflicts (608) , International stakes (660) , Kuwait (1) , male (26812) , male (1608) , Middle East (61) , Oil (7) , Political stakes (346) , Politics (1624) , Resources (24) , Saddam Hussein (11) , war (145)
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Keys to History

There were fears that Iraqi President Saddam Hussein might use chemical weapons, as he had done in the past, against the coalition forces. The cartoon points out that it was by taking over Kuwait's oil resources that Saddam got his hands on the real "chemical weapon" that Westerners were the most worried about.

  • What

    Saddam was viewed as the one to blame for the invasion of Kuwait in 1990. In the Western media, he was soon portrayed as a threat to world peace and as an enemy to be apprehended by the international coalition.

  • Where

    Kuwait is a Middle Eastern nation that shares a border with Iraq.

  • When

    Iraq's eight-year war with Iran (1980-1988) had left it in straitened circumstances. President Saddam asked Kuwait, which had been his ally in the war, to provide greater economic aid to compensate Iraq for its wartime losses. Unsatisfied with the answer he received, Saddam ordered his troops to invade Kuwait on August 2, 1990.

  • Who

    Saddam was the authoritarian ruler of Iraq from 1979 to 2003.