X8899.28 | W.S. Tompkins Farm, Southampton, New Brunswick
W.S. Tompkins Farm, Southampton, New Brunswick
1890-1900, 19th century
20 x 25 cm
This artefact belongs to: © New Brunswick Museum
Keys to History
Traditionally, New Brunswick agriculture has been seen as a poor cousin of the lumber industry. By 1860, however, farming output and the value of farm products were worth one and a half times that of the lumber industry.
The New Brunswick climate is cool and moist through the spring and autumn, making for a short growing season. Soils are best in the river valley systems and the upland areas of older settlement set back from them. By the mid-19th century, farmers who occupied such land were planting crops best suited to the growing season: hay, grains and root crops. Good pastureland also meant an increase in herds of cattle for meat and dairy production, and sheep for meat and wool. Later in the 19th century, apples and other types of fruit, like blueberries, were being actively cultivated.
Source : Window on the World: The Rivers of New Brunswick [Web tour], by New Brunswick Museum (see Links)
The rich soil of the upper St. John River Valley is well known for potato production.
Southampton is small rural community located in York County, approximately 55 kilometres north of Fredericton.
In the late 19th century, some New Brunswick foundries specialized in the manufacture of agricultural machinery like ploughs, in response to rural demand.
Some farmers worked small plots of land, heading to the lumberwoods in the winter; others farmed near the coastline with fishing as their primary livelihood.