X11312 | Market Square and King Street, Saint John, New Brunswick
Market Square and King Street, Saint John, New Brunswick
About 1865, 19th century
6.3 x 10.8 cm
This artefact belongs to: © New Brunswick Museum
Keys to History
During New Brunswick's "Golden age of sail" in the mid-1800s, imports and exports drove the province's economy. Forest products accounted for most of the province's exports. Ships laden with raw timber sailed from New Brunswick bound for Britain, the United States, the West Indies and other places. As the market for raw timber declined, the export of finished lumber products, including New Brunswick-built ships, increased.
The import of such commodities as tea, molasses, sugar and cotton led to the development of processing facilities in New Brunswick. A wide variety of manufactured goods also poured into the province, along with great quantities of agricultural products and foodstuffs.
Source : The Golden Age of Sail [Web tour], by New Brunswick Museum (see Links)
Low-slung wagons, called slovens, were used in New Brunswick to deliver goods to and from ships at dockside.
Market Square is adjacent to Saint John harbour with its extreme tides. Vessels required specially designed bottoms in order to rest upright at low tide.
This photograph dates to about 1865, the heyday of New Brunswick's shipping industry.
The name of the photographer who had the foresight to capture this moment in time is not known.