X10474 | Clon and Tom Murphy

Clon and Tom Murphy
1880-1890, 19th century
11.8 x 9.4 cm
Purchase, 1961
This artefact belongs to: © New Brunswick Museum
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Keys to History

In New Brunswick, the years of the Great Famine have been looked upon as "the time when the Irish came". The poignant events of those lean years have tended to eclipse the long and complex history of Irish immigration to the province, which began in the 18th century.

Source : Out of Ireland [Web tour], by New Brunswick Museum (see Links)

  • What

    The Murphys are wearing typical labourer's clothing from the late 19th century.

  • Where

    By the 1870s, the main concentrations of Irish population were near urban centers and ports of entry such as Saint John and Miramichi.

  • When

    By 1871, the Irish of New Brunswick numbered 100 000 out of a total population of 285 000.

  • Who

    While some members of the Irish community prospered, most remained farmers or labourers through the 19th century.