VIEW-2943 | Montreal from Street Railway Power House chimney, QC, 1896

Montreal from Street Railway Power House chimney, QC, 1896
Wm. Notman & Son
1896, 19th century
Silver salts on glass - Gelatin dry plate process
20 x 25 cm
Purchase from Associated Screen News Ltd.
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  Cityscape (3948) , Photograph (77678) , view (1387)
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Keys to History

The Lachine Canal area that can be seen on this photograph, with the adjacent neighbourhoods of St. Henri, Ste. Cunégonde and Point St. Charles, was where a large number of Montreal's industrial workers lived. Day labourers and other unskilled workers settled with their families in the districts adjacent to the sawmills, flour mills, refineries, Grand Trunk railway shops and Montreal Marine Works shipyards. While this meant that workers did not have far to go to work, their families had to put up with the noise and smoke from the factories. Women were reluctant to open the windows of their gloomy dwellings for fear of letting dust in.

  • What

    This photograph is one of a remarkable set consisting of several views of the neighbourhoods around the Montreal Street Railway power house.

  • Where

    Lachine Canal was one of Montreal's major industrial areas; another was the east end of the city, near the port. Light industries -- textiles, clothing, shoes, printing -- set up shop primarily downtown.

  • When

    Montreal industry employed a large part of the city's work force: 33% in 1911, but close to 40% by 1941.

  • Who

    The Ogilvie and Robin Hood flour mills, the Canada Sugar Co. refinery, and the Stelco, Canadian Car and Foundry, and Dominion Bridge metalworking plants were all located along the Lachine Canal.