MP-1985.31.109 | Paper machine, Grand Mere, QC, about 1900
Paper machine, Grand Mere, QC, about 1900
N. M. Hinshelwood
About 1900, 19th century or 20th century
Silver salts on glass - Gelatin dry plate process
16 x 21 cm
Gift of an anonymous donor
© McCord Museum
Keywords: Industry (942) , Photograph (77678)
Keys to History
In the 19th century, there are great advances in the production of paper and inks, as well as in the processes of composing and printing text and images.
The compiling of information and the distribution of newspapers are greatly enhanced by developments in the fields of communications and transportation. The falling production costs, rising print runs and increasing literacy all mean one thing: newspaper readers, at the end of the century, are better informed and get their news faster than ever before.
The mechanization of the processes of composing type (linotype, 1886; monotype, 1887) and printing (steam press, 1810; rotary press, 1845, offset printing, 1875; photogravure, 1895) is rapid.
The advances in printing stimulate many other industries: advertising, publishing, tourism. Printed materials such as posters, books and tourist brochures start appearing everywhere. Canadians, like people the world over, are ready to be seduced by the wide variety of new printed materials.
Source : Brand New and Wonderful: The Rise of Technology [Web tour], by Jacques G. Ruelland, Université de Montréal (see Links)
This machine manufactures newsprint in great quantity and at great speed.
In Quebec in the 19th century, paper production becomes a leading industry, especially in the Mauricie region and in the Eastern Townships. In the early years of the 20th century, there is a dramatic rise in the production of pulp and paper in Canada, no doubt because vast areas of the country are covered in trees.
It is the German Gottlob Friedrich Keller who develops a process to extract pulp from wood by pressing wood against a wet abrasive stone to produce wood fibre or pulp (1840's).
As in forestry, the paper industry employs mostly men.