MP-19188.8.131.52 | Fire hose on street, Montreal(?), QC, about 1910
Fire hose on street, Montreal(?), QC, about 1910
Anonyme - Anonymous
About 1910, 20th century
Silver salts on paper - Gelatin silver process
9 x 7 cm
Purchase from Mme Madame France Langelier
© McCord Museum
Keywords: cityscape (422) , disaster (45) , fire (16) , history (162) , History (944) , hose (4) , occupation work (1) , Photograph (77678) , police (18) , streetscape (187)
Keys to History
Here a team of firefighters is at work at the scene of a blaze. Grab that hose! Prior to the 19th century, people fought fires with nothing but buckets, hoses and hand-operated pumps. During the 1800s, Canadian cities established organized fire brigades. Two major innovations, in particular, led to more efficient alarm response: the introduction of the telegraph, which conveyed alarms to fire stations, and improvements to water supply systems, which made it possible to install fire plugs around the cities.
Source : Disasters and Calamities [Web tour], by Nathalie Lampron (see Links)
By the 1870s, most large Canadian cities had steam-pumped water supply systems. These waterworks were often designed based on the flow needed to fight fires.
City waterworks consisted of reservoirs, pumping stations to control pressure, and pipelines and conduits to deliver water to households and fireplugs.
In Montreal, prior to the purchase of a first hand-operated pump in 1824, volunteer brigades formed double lines to pass buckets back and forth from the river to the scene of the blaze.
Quartermaster Gilles Hocquart organized Montreal's first volunteer fire brigade in 1734.