MP-0000.25.556 | "An Indian Parley", 1800-50, copied about 1910

Photograph, glass lantern slide
"An Indian Parley", 1800-50, copied about 1910
Anonyme - Anonymous
About 1910, 20th century
Silver salts and transparent ink on glass - Gelatin silver process
8 x 8 cm
Gift of Mr. Stanley G. Triggs
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  Art (2774) , Photograph (77678)
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Keys to History

The British Royal Proclamation of 1763, designed to solve the problem of illegal transfers of Indian land in North America, decreed that there were to be no private sales of such land to individuals. Instead, Aboriginal land was to be "surrendered" to the Crown through a treaty process. The Royal Proclamation also stated that Native people had Aboriginal rights that had to be "extinguished" by means of a treaty. From the earliest days of European settlement to the present, but particularly since 1800, treaties have been negotiated and signed with the First Nations of Canada. Some, in northern Canada and in British Columbia, are still under negotiation.

  • What

    This drawing shows a discussion between British officials and First Nations people, perhaps for the purpose of negotiating a treaty.

  • Where

    The Aboriginal people depicted in this image are from somewhere in North America, although the exact location is unknown. The flag confirms that the officials are British.

  • When

    The drawing is undated, but from the European style of dress it must have been made in the late 18th or early 19th century.

  • Who

    The First Nations in the picture are not identified, but meetings of this kind, with British officials, were very common throughout the Empire.