MP-0000.1453.20 | Aboriginal graves, covered with split sticks, MB, 1858

Aboriginal graves, covered with split sticks, MB, 1858
Humphrey Lloyd Hime
1858, 19th century
Silver salts on paper mounted on paper - Albumen process
13 x 17 cm
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  Ethnology (606) , Native people (373) , Photograph (77678)
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Keys to History

Taken in 1858, H.L. Hime's photograph of Aboriginal graves near the Red River Colony in what is now Manitoba shows that the newcomers did have some interest in the indigenous way of life, particularly in its different or picturesque aspects. On August 3, 1871, at Lower Fort Garry, not far from where this picture was taken, Treaty #1, the first of eleven "numbered" treaties, was signed with the Chippewa and Swampy Cree First Nations. The treaty extinguished Aboriginal rights to much of the southern part of Manitoba in return for reserves amounting to 160 acres of land plus $15 per year for each family of five First Nations groups, and a school on each reserve.

  • What

    This is an early photograph of First Nations graves on the Canadian prairies.

  • Where

    The picture was taken in what is now Manitoba, not far from present-day Winnipeg.

  • When

    H. L. Hime, a member of a government-sponsored expedition to the West, took the picture in 1858.

  • Who

    The graves are carefully built and surrounded by a fence to protect them from animals.