MP-0000.1453.18 | Tents on the prairie, west of the settlement, Red River, MB, 1858

Tents on the prairie, west of the settlement, Red River, MB, 1858
Humphrey Lloyd Hime
1858, 19th century
Silver salts on paper mounted on paper - Albumen process
13 x 17 cm
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  Ethnology (606) , Native people (373) , Photograph (77678)
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Keys to History

First Nations people had lived on the Prairies for many thousands of years, but by the time this photograph was taken, their way of life was coming under pressure. They had been in contact with Europeans ever since 1731, when La Vérendrye (1685-1749) arrived where Winnipeg now stands. Beginning in 1736, a number of fur-trading posts were built in the area, and the Native people began to be drawn into the international fur trade. Twelve years after this picture was taken, the region was absorbed by Canada, and the nomadic freedom that these people had enjoyed for millennia came to an end.

  • What

    This is a picture of a First Nations encampment on the prairies, showing a way of life that was centuries old, but that was soon to be disturbed by newcomers.

  • Where

    The picture was taken "west of the settlement" at Red River, which would now be the western suburbs of Winnipeg, Manitoba. The camera seems to be facing east.

  • When

    The picture was taken in 1858. Note the buildings in the background, which hint at the urbanization of the region that was to come in the next generation.

  • Who

    H. L. Hime, the photographer with the Assiniboine and Saskatchewan Exploring Expedition, took this picture.