ME967X.43 | Young girl's parka
Anonyme - Anonymous
1900-1930, 20th century
Caribou fur, sinew
76 x 146 cm
© McCord Museum
Keywords: Amauti (9)
Keys to History
This coat was an essential part of daily life for the Inuit: it is perfectly adapted to the Arctic's frigid climate.
The Inuit had few contacts with the Europeans before the 19th century. Trading relationships, especially for the fur trade, were established, particularly when the Hudson's Bay Company set up posts in the High Arctic. The Inuit taught the Europeans techniques for survival in the High Arctic. The Europeans adopted the warm Inuit clothing, whereas the later integrated materials or decorative European elements into their traditional dress.
In winter, the Inuit traditionally wore two coats, one on top of the other: the first was worn with the fur against the skin and the second, with the fur on the outside, which provided excellent protection from the cold.
The Inuit lived in the nordic regions of the Canadian Arctic, between Alaska and eastern Greenland.
The first contacts between the Inuit and foreigners -missionaries-occurred at the end of the 18th century; in the second half of the 19th century, trading relationships were established with explorers and whale hunters.
Inuit women traditionally made clothing for the family with skins that the men brought back from the hunt.