M997.52.64 | Haitian Democracy
1995, 20th century
Graphite on paper
43.1 x 35.5 cm
Gift of M. Serge Chapleau
© McCord Museum
Keywords: Cartoon (19139) , Drawing (18637) , drawing (18379) , politics (10928)
Keys to History
The development of democracy in Haiti did not necessarily involve the re-election of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, shown here coming up against the "constitutional wall" keeping him from being re-elected.
President Aristide's return from exile in 1994 revived hopes for sustainable democracy in Haiti. When his term of office ended the following year, however, he was not permitted, under the constitution, to run for a second consecutive one. He was succeeded by his former prime minister, René Préval.
Haiti occupies the western end of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, which it shares with the Dominican Republic.
Aristide returned from exile in October 1994. As a result of elections in December 1995, one of his allies, René Préval, succeeded him in February 1996.
Jean-Bertrand Aristide, who was born in Port Salut, Haiti, served as president of his country in 1991, from 1994 to 1996, and again from 2001 to 2004.