M997.13.2a | 1914-1915 Star

Military medal
1914-1915 Star
1914-1915, 20th century
20.5 x 4.4 cm
This artefact belongs to : © Guelph Museums
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Keys to History

For Canada, the First World War began with Britain's declaration of war against Germany on August 4, 1914. The Canadians arrived in England on October 16 and began training at Salisbury Plain. The First Canadian Division arrived at the Western Front in February, 1915 and soon entered the Battle of Ypres (Belgium). The Canadians suffered 5,500 casualties over the next two weeks.

Earlier in October 1914 the Allied forces had participated in the Battle of Arras and the Battle of Albert, and were able to celebrate the shooting down of the first German aircraft on October 5th.

  • What

    This is a replacement medal. The whereabouts of the original issued to John McCrae is unknown.

  • Where

    John McCrae was issued this medal for his service in Europe. The medal was sent home by mail to his family in Guelph, Ontario.

  • When

    These medals were issued to members of the British Expeditionary Force who had served between August 5 and November 22, 1914.

  • Who

    John McCrae's 1914-1915 Star medal was awarded posthumously. His family did not receive it until March 23, 1923.