M996.10.140 | Victoire pour Mandela, 1994

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Drawing, cartoon
Victoire pour Mandela, 1994
Serge Chapleau
1994, 20th century
Graphite on paper
43 x 35.5 cm
Gift of M. Serge Chapleau
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  Africa (63) , Apartheid (19) , Cartoon (19139) , Drawing (18637) , drawing (18379) , Election (200) , figure (1849) , Human rights (21) , International affairs (2) , International conflicts (608) , International stakes (660) , male (1608) , Nelson Mandela (2) , Politics (1624) , politics (general) (2228) , Québec or Canada political events (600) , Racism (19) , South Africa (14) , World problems (77)
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Keys to History

The election of Nelson Mandela, the first black president of South Africa, was a reflection that attitudes had changed profoundly in his country. Given the immense task he faced (alluded to here by the huge pile of dirty dishes), he had to roll up his sleeves and get to work. The cleaning products he is using are labelled with the names of the political parties in the newly elected government.

  • What

    The end of the segregationist regime of apartheid in South Africa coincided with the shift toward democracy that shook the world in the early 1990s, particularly with the collapse of the Communist Bloc. The election of a black man, Nelson Mandela, as president of South Africa, became a symbol of this dramatic change.

  • Where

    The stack of dirty dishes represents the major issues Mandela would have to deal with, including the human rights violations committed since the 1960s under apartheid and the delicate task of national reconciliation.

  • When

    Nelson Mandela became president of South Africa on May 10, 1994.

  • Who

    Jailed from 1962 to 1990 for contesting apartheid, Mandela, one of the leaders of the African National Congress (ANC), was president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.