M990.761.157 | Mandela and De Klerk
Mandela and De Klerk
Aislin (alias Terry Mosher)
1990, 20th century
Ink and felt pen on paper
24 x 24.5 cm
Gift of Ms. Iona Monahan
© McCord Museum
Keywords: Africa (63) , animal (140) , Apartheid (19) , Cartoon (19139) , Comment (11) , Drawing (18637) , drawing (18379) , International conflicts (608) , International stakes (660) , Leaders (428) , Nelson Mandela (2) , Peace process (138) , Politicians (860) , Racism (19) , South Africa (14) , Symbolic representation (411) , various themes (1105) , World problems (77)
Keys to History
The dogs next to the negotiating table are a reminder of the deep-seated mistrust that still existed between the supporters of African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela and those of South African President Frederik De Klerk.
The negotiations between Mandela and De Klerk were aimed at bringing an end to apartheid (an Afrikaans word of French origin meaning "separation"), which was an official government policy of segregated development based on racial or ethnic criteria in specific geographic areas.
The apartheid regime was devised and implemented by the National Party in South Africa beginning in 1948.
The last segregationist laws were abolished in 1991. An interim constitution was drafted in 1993, and free elections were held the following year.
Frederik De Klerk was president of South Africa from 1989 to 1994. Nelson Mandela succeeded him from 1994 to 1999. The two men were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.