M987.244.170 | Heat Up the Coals!!
Heat Up the Coals!!
Aislin (alias Terry Mosher)
September 6, 1980, 20th century
Ink, felt pen on Cardboard
28.2 x 35.5 cm
Gift of Mrs. Marilyn Michel
© McCord Museum
Keywords: Canada (139) , Caricature (294) , Cartoon (19139) , Constitutional debate (80) , Drawing (18637) , drawing (18379) , Leaders (428) , Liberal Party of Canada (243) , Pierre Elliott Trudeau (92) , Political parties (800) , Politicians (860) , Politics (1624) , politics (10928) , Premier (42) , Québec or Canada political events (600) , Repatriation (8)
Keys to History
"In 1980, Pierre Trudeau was determined to repatriate the Canadian Constitution, come hell or high water. He set his sights on getting all ten Canadian premiers to toe the line on the project. So I drew the premiers as Trudeau's ten toes, being readied for the walk through the process."
Terry Mosher (alias Aislin)
From the outset of his political career, Pierre Elliott Trudeau had wanted to repatriate the Canadian constitution, which was a British statute until 1982. The project encountered many roadblocks because the provinces - Quebec, in particular - wanted to work out a new power arrangement between themselves and the federal government. During the negotiations, Trudeau was perceived as a centralist set on dominating the provincial governments. In the end, three provinces opposed the repatriation deal : Newfoundland, British Columbia and Quebec.
Canada is a federal state in which the central government in Ottawa and the provinces share various powers. Over the years, the power-sharing arrangement has been the source of great controversy, particularly in Quebec. Normally, changes to the arrangement are negotiated at constitutional conferences, many of which have taken place in Ottawa, including the one of September 1980.
After his victory over Quebec sovereignists in 1980, Prime Minister Trudeau invited the provincial premiers to a conference to work out a new Canadian constitution. The conference marked the beginning of a cycle of conflict and backbiting by the different political players that finally ended in April 1982 with the repatriation of the Canadian constitution.
Pierre Elliott Trudeau (1919-2000) was leader of the Liberal Party and Prime Minister of Canada from 1968 to 1984 (with the exception of a few months in 1979).