M984.210 | Montreal, 1892

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Montreal, 1892
Anonyme - Anonymous
1892, 19th century
Coloured ink on paper
65.6 x 114.3 cm
Gift of M. Luc d'Iberville-Moreau
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  Cityscape (3948) , Print (10661)
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Keys to History


In Canada, today's patterns of consumption and consumer culture were born in the cities of the 19th century. At the time, and especially after 1850, a series of factors combined to transform the organization of trade, business practices and consumer behaviour, particularly in the towns and cities. Notable influences were improved transoceanic communications, industrialization, the economic and geographic integration achieved by the building of the railway, and the expansion of the popular press and other forms of printed matter.

The result was both remarkable advances in international trade and intercultural exchanges and a profound transformation of urban society.

  • What

    This lithograph shows a panorama of Montreal, Canada's metropolis, in the late 19th century. It is a wonderful example of a bird's-eye view, a new way of representing cities.

  • Where

    In the foreground are the port, the Lachine Canal, the Victoria Bridge and factory smokestacks. The artist has emphasized the city's role as a shipping and maritime centre.

  • When

    Bird's-eye views became extremely popular in North America after 1865. They were first produced in the United States, but the fashion spread rapidly to Canada.

  • Who

    Several copies of this lithograph have survived. This one, like the others, was probably published by George Bishop Engraving & Printing Co. Ltd. of Montreal.