M930.50.7.92 | Campbell & Jones, Canal Basin, Saw Works

Campbell & Jones, Canal Basin, Saw Works
John Henry Walker (1831-1899)
1858, 19th century
Ink on paper on supporting paper - Wood engraving
13.8 x 22 cm
Gift of Mr. David Ross McCord
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  Architecture (8646) , industrial (826) , Print (10661)
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Keys to History

Besides light industry, the other main type of manufacturing in Montreal was heavy industry. It employed a far more skilled, and therefore better paid, work force, which was for the most part of British origin. There were two major sectors. The first was iron and steel products, which were required for the manufacture of not only engines, rails and pipes, but also stoves, utensils, tools and hardware. The other one was the railway stock sector.

  • What

    This saw-making factory is typical of the iron-and-steel-processing companies that sprang up in Montreal in the second half of the 19th century.

  • Where

    The factory was located on the south side of the Lachine Canal, near the St. Gabriel locks. This area of the city is regarded as being the birthplace of Montreal industry.

  • When

    The company is listed in the 1855-56 Lovell's Directory, but not in the 1861-62 edition. It was therefore part of the city's first wave of industrialization, in the mid-19th century.

  • Who

    The owners of the company were John Campbell and E. T. Jones, both of whom lived not far from the factory.