M8034 | THE BODY GUARD !!! or Brigue of Brainless Braggarts, Brawling Bravos, Besotted Bully's. Bigoted Boors & Bellowing Boys !!!!.
THE BODY GUARD !!! or Brigue of Brainless Braggarts, Brawling Bravos, Besotted Bully's. Bigoted Boors & Bellowing Boys !!!!.
About 1837, 19th century
Ink on paper - Lithography
34 x 28 cm
Gift of Mr. David Ross McCord
© McCord Museum
Keywords: Print (10661)
In September 1832, M. Greene opened his new lithography studio in Montreal. This lithography, presented as a cartoon, shows a group of men crowding around a man resembling the Honourable Louis Joseph Papineau (1786-1871), who presided over the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada almost without interruption from 1815 until the 1837 Rebellion. The print aptly depicts the difficult political climate of the years preceding the Rebellion.
Keys to History
Feelings ran extremely high as events in the mid 1830s deteriorated into violence. English speaking cartoonists ridiculed patriote leaders like Louis-Joseph Papineau, presumably the central person in this cartoon. The cap of liberty is raised by one of his raucous supporters. Increasingly nationalist, republican and critical of British constitutional practice, Papineau had almost mythical status as patriote leader.
Source : The Aftermath of the Rebellions [Web tour], by Brian J. Young, McGill University (see Links)
This cartoon by an unknown artist was distributed by a little-known printer named Greene, who seems to have arrived in Montreal in 1832. Provocative cartoons were a means of acquiring a reputation, and even notoriety.
Montreal was to be at the centre of the rebellions, and ethnic tensions in the city were much more violent than in Quebec City.
In the 1830s, Papineau represented a threat to English Montreal.
The year 1837, when this cartoon was probably drawn, represented the extreme point of hostile relations between French and English. The text accompanying this cartoon described French Canadians in terms like "Brainless Braggarts," "Besotted Bullys," and "Bigoted Boors."