M4824 | City of Montreal

City of Montreal
Anonyme - Anonymous
1888, 19th century
Ink on paper - Lithography
55.8 x 91.4 cm
Gift of Mr. David Ross McCord
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  Map (219) , Map (215)
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Keys to History

In addition to the Lachine Canal, a second industrial area also developed, but in the east end of the city, in the Ste. Marie district, and then in Hochelaga. Many shoemaking companies, food-processing plants, including the Molson brewery and the Viau biscuit company, and the Macdonald's tobacco factory were located there. Canadian Pacific had its workshops there, as did the streetcar company. A third industrial area, home to the garment industry, sprang up north of the city centre.

  • What

    Bird's-eye views like this one were very popular in the late 19th century. They were not always rigorously accurate because the artists who drew them tended to exaggerate certain features or to interpret the landscape and the building architecture. They are valuable as historical documents, however, as they do provide evidence of the general appearance of the urban landscape.

  • Where

    This bird's-eye view does help locate the two major industrial areas, easily distinguishable by the plumes of smoke. To the left, the Lachine Canal area can clearly be made out. On the far right, close examination reveals the location of the east-end industrial area, with its main factories indicated.

  • When

    Dating from 1888, this picture provides visual evidence of what Montreal looked like after the second wave of industrialization, which occurred in the 1880s.

  • Who

    This view of Montreal was printed by a Toronto company. It was not unusual for a specialized company to produce pictures of cities other than the one in which it was established.