II-9294 | Copy frame for Mrs. Esdaile, Montreal, QC, 1874

Copy frame for Mrs. Esdaile, Montreal, QC, 1874
William Notman (1826-1891)
1874, 19th century
Silver salts on glass - Wet collodion process
17 x 12 cm
Purchase from Associated Screen News Ltd.
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  Miscellaneous (671) , Photograph (77678)
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Keys to History

Children are the youngest members of a chain of consumers that includes the whole family. Generation after generation, families expand their numbers. This natural increase in population, in turn, leads to a greater demand and market for an expanding array of merchandise. Immigrants also increase the population, driving a burgeoning demand for a plethora of products with which to decorate the interior. In the two decades between 1871 and 1891, the population of Quebec grows by 25% to just under 1.5 million, and that of New Brunswick by half this percentage to just under 325,000. Between 1867 and 1896, Canada's population increases from approximately 3,463,000 to 5,074,000, a jump of 46% over three decades.

Leacy, F. H. ed. "Population and Migration." Section A in Historical Statistics of Canada: Estimated Population of Canada, 1867-1977, 2d ed. (Ottawa: Statistics Canada and the Social Sciences Federation of Canada, n.d.), series A1-247, pp. 7-8. Available on-line at

Source : Crowding the Parlour [Web tour], by Jane Cook, McGill University (see Links)

  • What

    This is a metal tripod displaying images of four generations. The patriarch is at the top of the "family tree", while the youngest children are at the base.

  • Where

    This photograph of the tree-like frame was taken at the Notman Studios in Montreal.

  • When

    The photograph dates from 1874, but some family members were born as early as the turn of the 18th to the 19th century.

  • Who

    This picture of the photographs on their support was commissioned by Mrs. Esdaile of Montreal from photographer William Notman.