II-85086 | Hervey Institute children, Montreal, QC, 1887

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Hervey Institute children, Montreal, QC, 1887
Wm. Notman & Son
1887, 19th century
Silver salts on glass - Gelatin dry plate process
20 x 25 cm
Purchase from Associated Screen News Ltd.
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  child (1308) , informal (1120) , Photograph (77678) , portrait (53878)
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Keys to History

By the mid-19th-century a number of philanthropists had begun advocating a more reform-oriented approach to charity-an approach that focused on encouraging the poor to self-reliance and ending poverty rather than simply responding to needs as they arose. In Montreal Miss Eliza Hervey was one of these reformists. In 1848 she founded the Home and School of Industry to train girls from eight to fourteen in domestic service. The Home was designed for girls but their brothers were admitted if necessary. In 1908 the charity's mandate was changed to specifically include the training of boys. The group of upper-middle-class women associated with Miss Hervey also formed several other important and long-lasting Montreal charities. These included the Protestant Industrial Rooms to provide needy widows with paid sewing work, the Protestant Infants' Home for babies and their nursing mothers, and the Murray Bay Convalescent Home. They were also involved in the founding of the Montreal Young Women's Christian Association, which in turn established several Montreal charities including the Day Nursery.

  • What

    The photograph, taken by William Notman (1826-1891), shows the children of the Hervey Institute sitting on the front stairs of the institution in 1886.

  • Where

    The Hervey Institute seen here was on Mountain Street. The charity occupied this building from 1875 to 1908, when it moved to a larger one at the corner of Windsor and Claremont Avenues in Westmount.

  • When

    Founded in 1848 in response to the indigence of recent immigrants, the Institute operated into the twentieth century.

  • Who

    When it was incorporated in 1875, the Home and School of Industry changed its name to the Hervey Institute in honour of its founding president.