II-59274.1 | Dr. E. P. Lachapelle, Montreal, QC, 1880

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Dr. E. P. Lachapelle, Montreal, QC, 1880
Notman & Sandham
1880, 19th century
Silver salts on paper mounted on paper - Albumen process
15 x 10 cm
Purchase from Associated Screen News Ltd.
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  male (26812) , Photograph (77678) , portrait (53878)
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Keys to History

Emmanuel-Persillier Lachapelle (1845-1918) was one of the leaders of the Quebec medical community and of the provincial public health movement. A disciple of Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), Lachapelle was convinced of the scientific and social importance of bacteriology. As chairman of the Quebec Provincial Board of Health (1887-1918), he played a key role in the campaign to improve public health. He played a leading role in the fight for pure milk, as a member of the Montreal League for the Prevention of Tuberculosis (1902) and of the Royal Commission of Inquiry on Tuberculosis (1909), many of whose recommendations dealt specifically with milk production. E.-P. Lachapelle was also elected to Montreal City Council as a member of the reform group that was in power from 1910 to 1914. He strove to improve management of the City's Board of Health and to expand its powers with respect to sanitary inspection.

  • What

    Photographed in 1880 by the Notman & Sandham studio, E.-P. Lachapelle is wearing the uniform of the officers of the 65th Battalion of Rifles (Mount Royal Rifles). The black cocked hat with a plume of white and black feathers and the sabre indicate his rank, which is lieutenant-colonel.

  • Where

    The 65th Battalion became famous for its role in putting down the Métis uprising led by Louis Riel in Saskatchewan in 1885.

  • When

    E.-P. Lachapelle was appointed physician of the 65th Battalion of Rifles (Mount Royal Rifles), in 1872 and held this position until 1886.

  • Who

    E.-P. Lachapelle did not take part in the 1885 military campaign. Paradoxically, he knew Louis Riel well, as both of them had been students at the Petit séminaire de Montréal.