II-117089 | Royal Victoria Hospital nurses' group, Montreal, QC, 1896

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Royal Victoria Hospital nurses' group, Montreal, QC, 1896
Wm. Notman & Son
1896, 19th century
Silver salts on glass - Gelatin dry plate process
20 x 25 cm
Purchase from Associated Screen News Ltd.
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  female (19035) , Photograph (77678) , portrait (53878)
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Keys to History

The nursing profession took root in English Canada in the last quarter of the 19th century. The extension of the hospital network in that era favoured this development. The first nursing school opened its doors in 1874 at the General and Marine Hospital, in St. Catharines, Ontario. The Toronto General Hospital inaugurated its own school in 1881, and Montreal did the same by setting up the Montreal General Hospital nursing school in 1890. These schools quickly became affiliated with university institutions. The graduates of this first training network were employed in hospitals or by the Victorian Order of Nurses. This pan-Canadian organization, founded in 1897, brought together centres specializing in home care. The nurses who worked there were especially active in working-class neighbourhoods. They were full-fledged nurse-hygienists, who developed an innovative approach associating nursing care and education.

  • What

    Photograph of a dozen nurses from the Royal Victoria Hospital. This is a work by the Notman and Sons studio.

  • Where

    These nurses practised their profession at the Royal Victoria Hospital, founded in Montreal in 1887 and located on the south side of Mont Royal.

  • When

    This photograph was taken in 1896, less than 10 years after the Royal Victoria Hospital was founded.

  • Who

    This group of nurses was probably trained in the first nursing schools set up in the last two decades of the 19th century.