II-111371 | Electric trams, Ste. Catherine St., Montreal, QC, 1895

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Electric trams, Ste. Catherine St., Montreal, QC, 1895
Wm. Notman & Son
1895, 19th century
Silver salts on glass - Gelatin dry plate process
20 x 25 cm
Purchase from Associated Screen News Ltd.
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  Cityscape (3948) , Photograph (77678) , rail (370) , streetscape (1737) , Transportation (2517)
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Keys to History

From 1876 to 1886, several hundred inventions came out of Thomas Edison's laboratory, located in Menlo Park, New Jersey. For instance, this is where the electric lighting system was invented. Electrical energy would soon be used for many other applications. In the cities, streetcars using animal draught power were replaced by electric tramways. In Montreal, the first electric tramways crisscrossed the streets starting in 1892. Two years later, the last horse-drawn streetcar and the horse that drew it made their final voyage to the stable. Coach drivers were replaced by motormen. The latter had to ensure the regulations were respected. For example, they invited smokers to indulge in their vice in the section reserved for them. They also had to punch tickets or ask travellers to pay their way.

Source : Big Cities, New Horizons [Web tour], by Robert Gagnon, Université du Québec à Montréal (see Links)

  • What

    Photograph of an electric tramway made up of an open wagon and a closed wagon. The conductor can be seen. This photograph comes from the William Notman Collection.

  • Where

    This electric tramway ran on Sainte-Catherine St. in downtown Montreal.

  • When

    This photograph was taken in 1895, only three years after the appearance of the first electric tramways in the streets of Montreal.

  • Who

    The Montreal Street Railway Company operated this electric tramway, which went up and down the streets of this Canadian metropolis.