I-17326.1 | Marine Hospital, Quebec City, QC, 1865

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Marine Hospital, Quebec City, QC, 1865
William Notman (1826-1891)
1865, 19th century
Silver salts on paper mounted on paper - Albumen process
10 x 8 cm
Purchase from Associated Screen News Ltd.
© McCord Museum
Keywords:  Architecture (8646) , medical (125) , Photograph (77678)
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Keys to History

Inaugurated in 1834, the Marine Hospital of Quebec City was devoted to caring for sick seamen and immigrants. It was located well away from the city so as to prevent the spread of epidemics.

When the great cholera and typhus epidemics broke out in the first half of the 19th century, measures aimed at controlling the spread of disease were temporary at first. Emergencies had to be faced and a very large number of the ill had to be hospitalized and especially isolated. They were housed more or less satisfactorily in leased accommodations or in tents. Nevertheless, permanent establishments were created to care for people suffering from contagious diseases, such as the Marine Hospital in Quebec City. The latter replaced the Emigrant Hospital in the Saint-John faubourg, which had fallen into disrepair.

  • What

    The Marine Hospital's architecture blended proportions borrowed from antiquity and classical shapes drawing inspiration from England.

  • Where

    The Marine Hospital was located on Dorchester Street in Quebec City near the General Hospital on the banks of the Saint-Charles River.

  • When

    The hospital was inaugurated in July 1834. However, only the west wing and the central section were then finished; construction of the complex would only be completed in 1856.

  • Who

    Architect Henry Musgrave Blaiklock, trained in England, designed the plans for the building; Lord Aylmer, Governor General of Canada, laid the first stone in May 1832.