CN-1-166 | Pierre Belliveau

Oath of allegiance
Pierre Belliveau
1768, 18th century
On paper
16.7 x 21 cm
This artefact belongs to: © Centre d'études acadiennes
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Keys to History

The problems experienced by the Acadians of Nova Scotia under the English stemmed from the imposition of an oath of allegiance by the British authorities, who hoped in this way to ensure their loyalty in case of war with France. Up until 1755, the Acadians were generally very hesitant to swear allegiance in this way.

For economic and military reasons, the British authorities at first allowed the Acadians to remain on their land after the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht of 1713, which ceded Acadie to England. It wasn't until 1720 that the governor of Nova Scotia, Richard Philipps, required the Acadians to swear unconditional allegiance to the British Crown. There was a war going on between France and England in the New World colonies, so when the Acadians refused, the British authorities deported them between 1755 and 1763, mainly to the English colonies along the Atlantic coast of North America.

In 1764 the London Board of Trade allowed Acadians who had been deported and those who had hidden in the woods to return to Nova Scotia, their former Acadie, under certain conditions. They had to swear allegiance to the British Crown and agree to be split up into small groups.

  • What

    This was a printed oath of allegiance. Details were added in ink.

  • Where

    Many oaths of allegiance come from Nova Scotia.

  • When

    This oath of allegiance is dated May 3, 1768.

  • Who

    This oath of allegiance is signed by Pierre Belliveau.