7638 | William III, No Surrender, 1690

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William III, No Surrender, 1690
James F. Wileman & Company
1869-1890, 19th century
2.3 cm
Gift of F.C. Woodley
This artefact belongs to: © New Brunswick Museum
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Keys to History

The Loyal Orange Order, the protector of Protestantism, had its roots in a feuding tradition between Irish Protestant and Catholic weavers and poor farmers who competed for employment. For philosophical justification, the Orange Lodge looked to the 1690 defeat of the Catholic King James II by the Protestant William of Orange at the Battle of the Boyne, which heralded Protestant ascendancy. Based upon the models of other fraternal organizations, the Orange Lodge possessed a range of oaths, ranks and festivals, the most important of the latter being a July 12 celebration to mark King James's defeat.

By the early 19th century, the Orange Lodge had expanded to North America. The New Brunswick chapter's aim was to foster loyalty to the British Crown and British institutions. Irish- and French-Catholic ascendancy represented a threat to this Protestant domination. Fervent members of the Lodge cried "No Surrender", (see this plate) throughout the 19th century.

Source : Out of Ireland [Web tour], by New Brunswick Museum (see Links)

  • What

    Research indicates that, from the 1830s to the 1860s, upwards of 1 200 Orangemen were present in New Brunswick.

  • Where

    The earliest known Orange Order meetings were held in Halifax and Montreal, with the first New Brunswick lodge being formed in Saint John in 1818.

  • When

    The New Brunswick Legislature incorporated the Loyal Orange Lodge of New Brunswick in 1875.

  • Who

    The members of the Orange Order in New Brunswick were largely Loyalists, Scottish Presbyterians, English Methodists and Irish Protestants.