7167 | Britain's Queen

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Creative Commons License
Ship model
Britain's Queen
James Lawton
1839, 19th century
147.3 x 87 x 203.2 cm
This artefact belongs to: © New Brunswick Museum
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Keys to History

By the late 19th century, wind and wood were being replaced by steel and steam in the shipbuilding industry. New Brunswick merchants chose not to invest in the new shipbuilding technologies, preferring the industries of the future: manufacturing and railways. In addition, the skills used for building wooden ships were not easily adapted to producing steel vessels: a whole new workforce needed to be trained.

Source : The Golden Age of Sail [Web tour], by New Brunswick Museum (see Links)

  • What

    The model was not based on a vessel of the same name, but appears to have been built to advertise the firm of William and James Lawton and New Brunswick shipbuilding in general.

  • Where

    Upon completion the model hung in the drug store of Dr. John Smith, Dock Street, Saint John.

  • When

    The model was used in a parade celebrating the turning of the first sod for the Eastern and North American Railway in 1853, and shortly thereafter it was donated to the Saint John Mechanics Institute, a forerunner of the New Brunswick Museum.

  • Who

    James Lawton built the model Britain's Queen in 1839.