66.89.431 | Sir Pierre-Amand Landry

Top hat
Sir Pierre-Amand Landry
C. V. E. Everett
1850-1900, 19th century
Copper and silk
15 x 25 x 30 cm
Gift from Révérend Zoël Landry, c.s.c.
This artefact belongs to : © Musée acadien of the Université de Moncton
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Keys to History

Pierre-Amand Landry (1846-1916) was one of the first generation of students to enrol at Collège Saint-Joseph in Memramcook, NB, in 1864. He began his political career in 1870, succeeding his father, Amand Landry, as MLA for Westmorland riding. After a defeat in 1874, he was re-elected in 1878 and sat until 1883. He decided to try to establish a certain degree of equality between the English- and French-speaking residents of the province. Landry was not only the first Acadian lawyer and first Acadian judge, he was also the first Acadian to become a provincial cabinet minister, when he was given the public works portfolio, which he held from 1878 to 1882.

Landry entered the federal political scene in 1883. As Conservative MP for Kent, he continued to plead the cause of the Acadians in the House of Commons until 1890. In 1916 he became the only Acadian to be knighted by the British Crown.

  • What

    Wearing a top hat was a sign of distinction.

  • Where

    The initials PAL are written in pen, then stamped into the bottom of the hat.

  • When

    The top hat was invented in the 1840s.

  • Who

    This top hat belonged to Pierre-Amand Landry.