1997.158 | Mask

1935-1955, 20th century
10 x 20 cm
Gift of Centre d'études acadiennes
This artefact belongs to : © Musée acadien of the Université de Moncton
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Keys to History

The Ordre de Jacques-Cartier was a secret society founded in Vanier, Ottawa, with the goal of helping French-speaking federal civil servants to find jobs in public service. The organisation was inspired by patriotism and religious faith. Although the society's rules and activities had to remain secret, that did not prevent it from conveying messages it considered important.

With the establishing of chapters known as "commanderies of the order" in 1934 in Campbellton, New Brunswick, the new members were confident that they could influence political and public policy to further the "French fact" in the province. Not surprisingly, the commanderies pitched in to help organize the first meetings of the future Association acadienne d'éducation (AAE). This secret society held meetings in New Brunswick until the mid-1960s.

  • What

    These masks were used by the Ordre de Jacques-Cartier in initiation ceremonies.

  • Where

    The Ordre de Jacques-Cartier was founded in Vanier, Ontario, near Ottawa, on 22 October 1926.

  • When

    During the initiation ceremony of the Ordre de Jacques-Cartier, before the masks were taken off, the song M'en revenant de la jolie Rochelle was sung.

  • Who

    Among members of the Ordre de Jacques-Cartier there were representatives of the Acadian upper classes from many spheres of professional activity.