1987.17.1141 | Stonehaven Quarries, Gloucester County, New Brunswick

Stonehaven Quarries, Gloucester County, New Brunswick
H. W. Beecher Smith
August 1928, 20th century
Silver print
12.8 x 17.8 cm
William Francis Ganong Collection
This artefact belongs to: © New Brunswick Museum
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Keys to History

Manufacturing industries across the nation suffered from declining markets in the early 1930s, and passed this distress on to their employees. Falling wages, temporary closures and layoffs led to union agitation for the maintenance of wage rates and better working conditions. Strikes south of the border encouraged industrial workers in Canada, but with little sympathy from governments and the unemployed.

Decades-old industries such as agriculture, lumbering, and fishing sustained blows during this time. Changing markets allowed some components to survive, while others failed. Pulp and paper expanded while sawmills closed and lumber camps disappeared. For some industries, such as the quarrying and manufacture of grindstones, the Depression simply hastened the closure of declining and dying businesses.

  • What

    A grindstone is a piece of round sandstone mounted in such a way that it rotates and can thus be used for sharpening blades.

  • Where

    Stonehaven is located 25 kilometres east of Bathurst, NB, along the Baie des Chaleurs.

  • When

    Grindstone manufacturing and distribution industries operated along the shores of the Baie des Chaleurs as early as the late 18th century.

  • Who

    Amos "King" Seamen (1788-1864) was the biggest name in the 19th-century Canadian grindstone industry.