1981.70 | Shipyard Employees, Grant & Horne, Saint John, New Brunswick (detail)
Shipyard Employees, Grant & Horne, Saint John, New Brunswick (detail)
Reid & McDonald
About 1917, 20th century
25 x 119.5 cm
Gift of George B. Patterson.
This artefact belongs to: © New Brunswick Museum
Keys to History
There were generally three types of shipyards producing wooden ships in New Brunswick:
-Small rural yards occasionally built schooners or sloops
-Medium-sized yards outside large centres such as Saint John could build ships of any type or size, usually for local purchasers
-The biggest shipyards, which specialized in the construction of large ships, built ocean-going vessels for both domestic and foreign clients.
Building a wooden sailing ship was a complicated operation. Many shipyard workers were unskilled labourers, while others were specialized craftsmen who had learned their trades as apprentices. These included caulkers, fitters, sailmakers and carvers of figureheads. While many workers were employed at the shipyard, much work was contracted to craftsmen based off site.
Source : The Golden Age of Sail [Web tour], by New Brunswick Museum (see Links)
Depending on the size of the vessel being built, a shipyard gang could number fifty or more workers.
Some of the most important shipbuilding centers in 19th century New Brunswick: Bathurst, Miramichi, Richibucto, Moncton, Sackville, Dorchester, Clifton/Moss Glen, Oromocto, St. Martins, Saint John, St. Andrews.
Reid and McDonald, 74 Germain St., Saint John, took the original panoramic photograph in 1917.
This photograph of a Saint John shipyard includes carpenters, ship's caulkers, millwrights, shipwrights, those responsible for the layout and others.