1972.111 | Grand Protestant Association of Orangemen

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Grand Protestant Association of Orangemen
1800-1830, 19th century
11.3 x 10.7 x 15.35 cm
Gift of Mrs. Roger E. Chauvin
This artefact belongs to: © New Brunswick Museum
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Keys to History

Following the defeat of the Catholic Stuarts by the Protestant William of Orange at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690, England enacted a series of penal laws designed to render the Catholic Irish politically and economically impotent, thereby eliminating the possibility of any future attempts at a Catholic restoration in England. Under the terms of these laws, Catholics were denied access to education and were barred from voting and owning or leasing land. The legacy of more than a century of official anti-Catholicism, however, was an entrenched cultural bias.

Eventually the term "Irish" became synonymous with Catholicism in the minds of many New Brunswickers. In protest, Irish Protestant immigrants tended to disavow their Irishness, clinging rather to their earlier British origins and strengthening their ties with various Loyalist-dominated cultural organizations. Membership in the province's Orange Lodges skyrocketed.

  • What

    Scenes on the jug include a statue of King William III, a columned alter, a royal coat of arms and a crown.

  • Where

    In his death notice in the local newspaper, Robert Mowatt (sic) was listed as a native of Scotland.

  • When

    Not until the passage of the Emancipation Bill in 1829 were Catholics in Britain and its colonies allowed full participation in public life.

  • Who

    This commemorative jug is said to have been brought to New Brunswick by Robert and Sarah Mouat in the 1840s.