1963.100C | Sampler

Elizabeth Lamb (1735-1804)
1746, 18th century
42.5 x 40 cm
Bequest of Catherine Celia Robinson, 1953
This artefact belongs to: © New Brunswick Museum
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Keys to History

Early Irish migrants represented diverse religious and economic backgrounds. They were as likely to be Protestant as Catholic and included substantial landowners, small farmers and landless labourers. Because the Irish constituted such a diverse and sometimes antagonistic combination, they were incapable of presenting a unified opposition to assimilation. Protestant Irish effectively assimilated into pre-existing cultural and religious institutions. Since their numbers remained small and their settlements far-flung, Catholic Irish were easily assimilated into numerically stronger communities.

In one notable instance, an Irish Catholic assumed a position of leadership in the mostly Protestant City of Saint John. John Sinnott was born in Ballybrennan, County Wexford, about 1758 and educated in Dublin. He came to what is now New Brunswick in 1781. His first marriage, in 1790, was to a Loyalist, Mrs. Ann "Nancy" Hendricks, widow of Conrad Hendricks, while his second, in 1806, was to Catherine Hallett, the daughter of prominent New York Loyalists Samuel and Elizabeth (Lamb) Willson Hallett.

Sinnott's mother-in-law, Elizabeth (Lamb) Hallett, made this sampler.

Source : Out of Ireland [Web tour], by New Brunswick Museum (see Links)

  • What

    It is possible that the biblical pictures on the sampler were derived from scriptural tiles the Dutch used to teacher their children.

  • Where

    The sampler was probably made in New York City.

  • When

    Elizabeth Lamb married her second husband, Samuel Hallett, in New York's Trinity Church on December 18, 1761.

  • Who

    Elizabeth Lamb was the daughter of Elizabeth Ham and Anthony Lamb (1698-1784), a noted mathematical instrument maker in New York City.