14083.8 | Grand Bay Mill, Saint John, New Brunswick

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Grand Bay Mill, Saint John, New Brunswick
1865-1875, 19th century
17.7 x 21.3 cm
Gift of Cecelia Jessie Hilyard
This artefact belongs to: © New Brunswick Museum
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Keys to History

Thriving sawmills and shipyards dotted the riverbanks and coastlines of New Brunswick. The waterways were ideally suited for the wooden shipbuilding industry, providing easy access to raw materials and shorelines from which to launch the vessels.

Throughout most of the 19th century and into the 20th, sawmilling was a summer occupation dependent on the supply of square timber from the forests and rivers. At the beginning of the 19th century, most New Brunswick mills were small water-powered operations scattered about the hinterland, producing boards and other products for their local markets.

Source : Window on the World: The Rivers of New Brunswick [Web tour], by New Brunswick Museum (see Links)

  • What

    New Brunswick mills produced a variety of finished lumber products such as window sashes, doors and architectural mouldings.

  • Where

    Grand Bay is located opposite the junction of the Kennebecasis and St. John rivers, approximately 10 kilometres from Saint John.

  • When

    After 1850 mills became larger in scale, converted to steam power and were concentrated in the port communities in response to the growing export market.

  • Who

    The seasonal nature of milling allowed many employees to participate in the winter logging process and the spring log drive.