14083.7 | South Bay Mill, Saint John, New Brunswick

South Bay Mill, Saint John, New Brunswick
About 1865, 19th century
Albumen print mounted on card
17.2 x 21.2 cm
Gift of Cecelia Jessie Hilyard
This artefact belongs to: © New Brunswick Museum
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Keys to History

The world in which the Jack family of Saint John lived appeared quite idyllic, at least on the surface. The economy of New Brunswick was thriving due to lumbering, agriculture and associated industries. For decades the province's vast forests had produced great wealth for its inhabitants. The large network of waterways provided access to the massive forest tracts, and advancements in steam-power technology meant that the wood could be readily processed and prepared for export. Agriculture also provided products for export.

The quiet scene illustrated in this photograph belies the fact that in the early 1860s New Brunswick was on the front line of international military manoeuvering and faced the very real prospect of war with the neighbouring United States.

  • What

    In the foreground, a field of grain is seen under cultivation.

  • Where

    South Bay is located in the western section of Saint John, New Brunswick, along the St. John River.

  • When

    This photograph was dated based on the distinctive clothing of the people in the foreground.

  • Who

    Cecelia Jessie Hilyard (1840-1934), who donated this and ten other photographs of sawmills and lumbering to the New Brunswick Museum in 1930, was the daughter of one of the owners of the South Bay mill.